The {user} and {created_by} Merge Tag

This GravityKit Academy course, Advanced User Management and CRM Functionality, has real-world examples of using the {user} Merge Tag.

The {created_by} Merge Tag allows you to display details of the entry creator. It supports all the functionality of the Gravity Forms and uses the same structure as the {user} Merge Tag documented on the Gravity Forms website.

Difference between {user} and {created_by}

The {user} merge tag displays information about the currently logged-in user.

The {created_by} displays information about the entry creator, if there is one*. 

*The user must be logged in when submitting the entry (read more about that here). If the user was not logged in when creating the entry, the  {created_by}  Merge Tag will be empty. You can wrap the {created_by}  Merge Tag with a [gvlogic] shortcode to check for its existence.


All the Merge Tag modifiers below also work with the {user} Merge Tag. Example: {user:user_email}.

  • {created_by:ID} - Displays the user ID of the entry creator
  • {created_by:display_name} - Displays the Display Name of the submitting user.
  • {created_by:first_name} or {created_by:last_name} - The first and last name of the entry creator.
  • {created_by:user_email} - Displays the email of the submitting user.
  • {created_by:user_login} - Displays the user login of the submitting user. {user:user_login}
  • {created_by:[meta_key]} - This merge tag can display any user meta (including custom user meta). Replace [meta_key] with the name of the user meta, example: {created_by:company_name}

Use this plugin to create and display custom user meta: Extra User Details.


You can add this code to a Custom Content field to link to the entry creator's User Profile page in the WordPress Dashboard:

[gvlogic if="{created_by}" isnot=""]
       <a href="/wp-admin/user-edit.php?user_id={created_by:ID}">Link to Profile</a>
Did this answer your question? Thanks for the feedback There was a problem submitting your feedback. Please try again later.

Still need help? Contact Us Contact Us